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Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis:
 Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the parasite Trichomonas vaginalis.

 

Causes:

Trichomoniasis is found worldwide. In the United States, the highest number of cases are seen in women between age 16 and 35. Trichomonas vaginalis is spread through sexual contact with an infected partner. This include penis-to-vagina intercourse or vulva-to-vulva contact. The parasite cannot survive in the mouth or rectum.The disease can affect both men and women, but the symptoms differ between the two groups. The infection usually does not cause symptoms in men and goes away on its own in a few weeks.

 

Symptoms:

Women:

Discomfort with intercourse

Itching of the inner thighs

Vaginal discharge (thin, greenish-yellow, frothy or foamy)

Vaginal itching

Vulvar itching or swelling of the labia

Vaginal odor (foul or strong smell)

Men:

Burning after urination or ejaculation

Itching of urethra

Slight discharge from urethra

Occasionally, some men with trichomoniasis may develop prostatitis or epididymitis from the infection.

 

Exams and Tests:

In women, a pelvic examination shows red blotches on the vaginal wall or cervix. A wet prep (microscopic examination of discharge) may show signs of inflammation or infection-causing organisms in vaginal fluids. Apap smear may also diagnose the condition.The disease can be hard to diagnose in men. Men are treated if the infection is diagnosed in any of their sexual partners. Men may also be treated if they have ongoing symptoms of urethral burning or itching despite treatment for gonorrhea and chlamydia.

 

Treatment:

The antibiotic is used to cure the infection. You should not drink alcohol while taking the medicine and for 48 hours afterwards. Doing so can cause severe nausea, abdominal pain, and vomiting. Avoid sexual intercourse until treatment has been completed. Sexual partners should be treated at the same time, even if they have no symptoms. If you have been diagnosed with a sexually transmitted infection, you should be screened for other ones.