Psychotherapy is a general term that is used to describe the process of treating psychological disorders and mental distress. During this process, a trained psychotherapist helps the client tackle a specific or general problem such as a particular mental illness or a source of life stress. Depending on the approach used by the therapist, a wide range of techniques and strategies can be used. However, almost all types of psychotherapy involve developing a therapeutic relationship, communicating and creating a dialogue and working to overcome problematic thoughts or behaviors.
Psychotherapy is increasingly viewed as a distinct profession in its own right, but many different types of professionals engage in psychotherapy regularly. Such individuals include clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, counselors, marriage and family therapists, social workers, mental health counselors, occupational therapists and psychiatric nurses.
Types of Psychotherapy:
When many people hear the word psychotherapy, they immediately imagine a patient lying on a couch talking while a therapist sits in a nearby chair jotting down thoughts on a yellow notepad.While many psychotherapists do use this classic type of talk therapy, there are actually a wide variety of techniques and practices used in psychotherapy. The exact approach used in each situation can vary based upon a variety of factors, including the training and background of the therapist, the preferences of the client and the exact nature of problem the client is experiencing.
Some of the major approaches to psychotherapy include:
►Psychoanalytic: An approach to therapy that involved delving into a patient thoughts and past experiences to seek out unconscious desires or fantasies.
►Cognitive-behavioral: A type of psychotherapy that involves cognitive and behavioral techniques to change negative thoughts and maladaptive behaviors.
►Humanistic: A form of therapy that focuses on helping people maximizes their potential.
Benefits of Psychotherapy:
Psychotherapy aims at correcting and helping the personal problems of patients. Examples of such problems include stress and anxiety among others. This procedure is usually performed by experienced psychotherapists and it provides many beneficial effects as described below.
►Effectively treats emotional problems:
According to recent studies, the best cure for both emotional and mental health problems is psychotherapy. It works when a patient discusses his or her issues with a skilled therapist. That is why these kinds of therapy are also known as counseling or talk therapy. The main objective of therapy is to enhance your whole wellbeing and thus cure any emotional problems.
►Aids in menopause:
Women in menopause are usually susceptible to anxiety, depression and mood swings, which can negatively affect their private and professional lives. Using psychotherapy together with other medications can assist these women to overcome negative behaviors and thoughts. This action enhances the life of such women.
Psychotherapy is going to assist you to deal better with your problem through enabling you to gain an essential understanding of your condition. Since you now have an enhanced understanding of your current health problem, it is highly likely that you will be capable of solving it accordingly.
►Promotes mental health:
Psychotherapy is beneficial in promoting proper mental health. The psychotherapist assists the patient in identifying negative behaviors and thoughts in order to stop them from repeating. Eventually, it leads to an improved mental health.
Psychotherapy provides patients a good opportunity to build better relationships with their friends and families. You are going to learn effective methods of communication and also the importance of setting realistic objectives.Psychotherapy does not have many risks aside from being uncomfortable at times since it requires talking about sensitive issues for effective problem solving.